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How to keep a fort useful and functional over the centuries?

Wars evolve and so do forts

During the 19th and the early 20th century, forts were frequently adapted to deal with new weaponry systems and methods of attack.

Hiding places and casements of reinforced concrete

Right up to the start of Second World War, they were still constructing group hiding places and casements of reinforced concrete to modernize the Waterline. When the Germans attacked in 1940, however, it was clear the Waterline was totally outdated.

One look at Fort Hoofddijk reveals something remarkable: it is a low building

This applies to more forts. The inattentive passer-by would only see a slight elevation of the landscape. The trees provide cover.

A fort always has trees and bushes growing around it

A lot of attention was paid to the planting, especially its functionality. The plants all had elaborate root systems to limit the effect of impacting grenades. The roots held the soil together which provided protection.

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Utrecht
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